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Bertrand – najstarija knjižara na svijetu

June 11, 2014
5286 Pregleda
Znate li koja je najstarija knjižara na svijetu? Možda vam na pamet padaju Grčka, Italija ali ne, nije tamo. Kako tvrdi Guiness, to je Bertrand u Lisabonu koja neprekidno radi 281 godinu. Pedro Faure otvorio je knjižaru 1732. koja je...

Znate li koja je najstarija knjižara na svijetu?

Možda vam na pamet padaju Grčka, Italija ali ne, nije tamo. Kako tvrdi Guiness, to je Bertrand u Lisabonu koja neprekidno radi 281 godinu.

Pedro Faure otvorio je knjižaru 1732. koja je postala poveznica umjetničke i intelektualne scene Lisabona i Portugala. Na današnjoj je lokaciji u dijelu grada Chiado, u ulici Garret 73-75 od 1755. jer je ona gdje ju je prvobitno otvorio bila razorena u potresu koji je doslovno sravnio grad. Taj je potres inače inspirirao Voltairea da napiše Candidea.

Ime Bertrand nosi po braći kojoj je Faure prodao dobro uhodani posao a koja su nabavila svoj tiskarski stroj i već onda držali radionice o tiskanju i pisanju i čak izmislili svoj font slova. Natpis iznad knjižare napisan je tim, elegantnim art deco Bertrand fontom.

U knjižaru su dolazili pisac i povjesničar Alexandre Herculano, pisac i političar Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins, pisac romana, pripovjetki i putopisa te kritičar i diplomat, ali i najveći pisac portugalskog realizma Jose Maria de Eca de Queiros kojeg uspoređuju s Balzacom, Flaubertom i Zolom, pjesnik, filozof i pisac Antero de Queiroz, pjesnik, filozof i pisac Antero de Quental, pisac Ramalho Ortigão Aquilino Ribeiro, liječnik i pisac Fernando Namora, profesor književnosti, književni kritičar i pisac fikcije Urbano Tavares Rodrigues i pisac kratkih priča, romana, kazališnih komada i politički satirist Jose Cardoso Pires, ali i poneka okrunjena glava. Kralj i car and Emperor Dom Pedro II. dolazio u Bertrand, a povijest ga pamti kao branitelja slobode govora i abolicionera ropstva. Zanimljivo je da će Portugalac spomenuti pojam tertulia što označava književna okupljanja koja se događaju i danas, kao i susreti s piscima koji svojim čitateljima potpisuju knjige.

Knjižara jako pazi na tradiciju, dobru književnost, uslužnost čemu nije naškodilo ni otvaranje lanca knjižara po Portugalu s istim imenom (a danas ih ima 56) a sve su povezane vlastitim informatičkim sustavom prvenstveno kako bi zadovoljili želje svakog svog kupca. To je zaštitni znak ove povijesne knjižare.

Osim knjiga na portugalskom imaju i zavidno mnogo knjiga na engleskom osobito želite li čitati o povijesti i kulturi Portugala ili putovati po ovoj prekrasnoj zemlji: vodiči, karte, mnogo na engleski prevedenih velikana portugalske književnosti koju, moramo priznati, ne poznajemo dovoljno.

Osim nje i Porto se hvali da ima drugu po redu najstariju knjižaru a to je prekrasna Lello e Irmão proglašenom jednom od tri najboljih knjižara na svijetu. Kad govorimo o najstarijima moramo reći kako se uvijek nakon objave informacije javljaju ljudi iz cijelog svijeta i otkrivaju knjižare koje su promakle popisu, pa čak i Guinessu koji ipak i dalje ovu vodi kao najstariju.

Svejedno, nabrojat ćemo i druge: u Krakowu je na primjer jedna iz 1610., a u Nurnbergu Korn & Berg koju je otvorio Johann Ott 1531. i koja ima preko 100 000 naslova.

Spomenimo i Hatchards iz 1797.  na londonskom Piccadillyju iako se službeno u Engleskoj najstarijom smatra ona u Cambridgeu koja je knjige počela prodavati sigurno od 1581. ako ne i ranije a jedna od najstarijih američkih je Moravian u Pennsylvaniji iz 1745. O njima, želite li, slijedeći put.

 

https://www.bertrand.pt/

hone and Email:

213476122

chiado.livraria@bertrand.pt

 

radno vrijeme: od ponedjeljka do petka od 9 do 20

subotom od 9 do 22 a nedjeljom od 14 do 18.

 

 

 

SVS

 

 

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